Sports Psychology, Part 3: Motivation

19 Sep

Motivation is an important component of athletic performance.  Intrinsic motivation has a profound impact on the athlete’s desire to train and compete.  Achievement motivation relates to the athlete’s competitiveness; his or her desire to engage in competition.  Positive and negative reinforcement in coaching can have a considerable influence on an athlete’s motivation.

Intrinsic motivation is important for any athlete.  The athlete who is intrinsically motivated is self-motivated because he or she loves the game.  Coaching team sports can be much more effective when athletes are self-motivated.

Achievement motivation is fueled by an athlete’s competitiveness.  All things being equal between two athletes, the one with greater achievement motivation will be the better athlete because of his or her “appetite” for competition.

Positive reinforcement involves the use of rewards – praise, helmet decals, prizes, and awards – to increase the probability that a particular behavior will be repeated.

Negative reinforcement also increases the probability that a behavior will be repeated, by removing an event that is perceived to be unappealing or undesirable.  For example, if a team has a productive practice, the coach could announce that no sprints will be run at the end of the session.

Positive punishment describes an action that is presented after a behavior, that could decrease the behavior’s recurrence.  Reprimanding a basketball player after a turnover is an example of positive punishment.

Negative punishment is the removal of something valued.  Loss of privileges or playing time (benching) are examples of negative punishment.

Coaches should generally subscribe to a reinforcement strategy that helps athletes to focus on what they do correctly.  Punishment should be used sparingly because it emphasizes what the athlete is doing wrong, thus focusing his or her attention on incorrect behavior.  Overall, positive reinforcement helps athletes focus on task-relevant cues, while punishment can overload the athlete’s focus with task-irrelevant cues.

Your thoughts?

Next: Psychological Management Strategies

11 Responses to “Sports Psychology, Part 3: Motivation”

  1. articles September 19, 2012 at 11:02 PM #

    Hello my loved one! I want to say that this article is awesome, nice written and come with approximately all vital infos. I would like to look extra posts like this .

    • Brian Lebo September 20, 2012 at 6:19 AM #

      Thank you for the feedback and the kind words… I invite you to follow my blog, please share it with others, and provide feedback anytime!

  2. Arvilla October 6, 2012 at 5:35 PM #

    I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here. The sketch is tasteful, your authored material stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an shakiness over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come further formerly again since exactly the same nearly a lot often inside case you shield this increase.

    • Brian Lebo October 7, 2012 at 9:14 AM #

      Thanks for the feedback and the kind words! Please follow my blog and share with others.

  3. Robena October 6, 2012 at 7:07 PM #

    Generally I do not learn post on blogs, but I wish to say that this write-up very pressured me to take a look at and do it! Your writing style has been amazed me. Thanks, very great article.

  4. New Dog obedience training October 15, 2012 at 11:32 AM #

    It is perfect time to make some plans for the longer term and it is time to be happy. I’ve learn this post and if I may just I desire to recommend you some attention-grabbing things or advice. Maybe you can write subsequent articles relating to this article. I desire to read more issues about it!

    • Brian Lebo October 15, 2012 at 12:27 PM #

      Thanks for reading. Please follow and share with others.

  5. Shaneka Waldal October 24, 2012 at 7:01 AM #

    I just want to say I’m all new to blogging and site-building and really savored your web site. Likely I’m want to bookmark your blog . You surely have good well written articles. Thanks for sharing with us your blog.

    • Brian Lebo October 24, 2012 at 10:49 AM #

      Thanks for visiting my blog… I appreciate your feedback. I invite you to follow my blog and share it with others.

  6. Burton Hazzard October 29, 2012 at 7:01 AM #

    I just want to say I’m newbie to blogs and really loved this web site. Likely I’m going to bookmark your blog post . You certainly have fabulous article content. Thanks for revealing your web page.

    • Brian Lebo October 29, 2012 at 10:46 AM #

      Thanks for visiting my blog… I appreciate your feedback. I hope you will follow my blog and share it with others.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: