There are many factors that affect force production (the amount of force produced in a muscle, or muscles). Improvements in force production can optimize sport-specific skill performance, including running, jumping, throwing, and hitting/striking.
Lifting heavy weight (e.g, 65-80% 1RM) produces greater tension in the muscle which, in turn, leads to greater motor unit (neuromuscular) recruitment, which affects force production. The number of active motor units is directly proportional to the amount of force production. (It should also be noted that heavy lifting and explosive concentric training [see below] have the potential to activate more fast-twitch muscle fibers)
Preloading is the tension developed in the muscle before you move the weight. When you bench press, deadlift, or squat, you can’t move the bar off the rack or floor until sufficient force is developed in the muscle to overcome the inertia of the barbell.
Overload Eccentric Training
Use very heavy resistance (≥ 100% 1RM) to perform “negatives,” which emphasize the lowering phase/movement of a lift. For safety reasons, it may be advisable to use a spotter (or spotters) for certain exercises, such as the bench press, to assist in returning the weight to the original (up) position.
Explosive Concentric Training
When training for explosive concentric movements — where the goal is generating velocity — use relatively light resistance.
Plyometric exercises exploit the stretch-shortening cycle to generate maximum force in minimum time. This involves “prestretching” a muscle immediately before a concentric action to enhance force production during the subsequent muscle action.
It’s important to incorporate rest days into your training regimen in order to allow muscles time to recover and repair.
Get STRONGER, Get FASTER!